Typhoid Vaccine

Typhoid Vaccine Schedule

1. Is Typhoid vaccine necessary?
Yes , Typhoid vaccine is necessary it provide protection against typhoid, a severe disease caused by Salmonella typhi .

2. When should the typhoid vaccine be given?
• Conjugate vaccine:
9 months-12 months followed by a booster at 2 years of age
 • it given above 2 years, administer a single dose
 • Unconjugated vaccine above 2 years repeater 2-3 years
• Typhoid vaccine is recommended throughout adolescence, up to 18 years of age    

3. What is in Typhoid vaccine?.
(Typhoid Vaccine Live Oral Ty21a) Vivotif – Also known as ‘typhoid pills’,
Typhoid Vaccine Vivotif is made from attenuated live bacteria

4.How effective is typhoid vaccine?
After 7 days of Typhoid vaccine protection is induced. about 7 days after the injection. In high risk ares or countries , the protective efficacy 1.5 years after vaccination is about 72%; after 3 years it is about 50%.
Revacinnation is recommende after three years in these areas .

5.Typhoid vaccine schedule
• 9 months-12 months followed by a booster at 2 years of age
  • it given above 2 years, administer a single dose
  • Unconjugated vaccine above 2 years repeater 2-3 years

6.Typhoid vaccine name
The following typhoid vaccines are available in India  
a) Vi Capsular polysaccharide vaccine
  b) Vi Polysaccharide conjugate vaccine conjugated with tetanus toxoid (TCV)  

7.Typhoid vaccine dose route of administration
0.5 mL IM at anterolateral thigh or deltoid

8.Typhoid vaccine price
Typhoid vaccine price in India Rs 1800 to 2600.

9.Typhoid vaccine injection
Typhoid Vaccine Injection is for adults and children 2 years of age and older.

10. Typhoid vaccine oral
Typhoid vaccine oral ( mouth ) to children 6 years and older. A total 4 dose of the capsule is given , one capsule is taken every other day, the last dose should be taken before one week of travel.

11.Typhoid vaccine for babies
• 9 months-12 months followed by a booster at 2 years of age
 • It given above 2 years, administer a single dose
 • Unconjugated vaccine above 2 years repeater 2-3 years

12.Where to get typhoid vaccine ?
Typhoid Vaccine can be given at Pediatrictis Doctor and for an adult can consult to physicians.

14. At What temperature Typhoid Vaccine is stored.
Typhoid Vaccine is stored :
•Between +2C and +8°C   •
• Do not freeze.  

15.Typhoid vaccine side effects
Pain at the injection site,
Erythema or induration,
fever,
Rash urticaria abdominal pain,
Nausea, headache,
Axillary temperature,
Fatigue dizziness and pruritus  

16 .Precautions in some cases
Delay vaccination in case of fever ,
Severe infection,
Persistent diarrhea and vomiting    

17 .Special Comments
There is no evidence of hyporesponsiveness on repeat revaccination of Vi-polysaccharide vaccine o far However, typhoid conjugate vaccine should be preferred over unconjugated typhoid polysaccharide vaccine
• An interval of at least 4 weeks with the MMR vaccine should be maintained while administering conjugate typhoid vaccine


SOURCE:IMA INDIA