Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPSV)

(PPSV) Vaccine Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine

(i)What does pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine prevent?

Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine) PPSV23 protects against 23 types of pneumococcal bacteria. This vaccine from an infectious disease like meningitis and bacteremia.

(ii)When should Pneumococcal Vaccine be given? Who needs pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine?

The minimum age to administer PPSV is 2 years and all adults 65 years or older. Age group from 19 to 64 years who smoke cigarettes.
This vaccine is not recommended for routine use in healthy individuals It is recommended only for the vaccination of individuals with certain high-risk conditions.
• PPSV should never be used alone for the prevention of pneumococcal diseases in high-risk individuals
• Children aged 24 through 71 months with the following medical conditions for which PPV23 and PCV13 are indicated • Immunocompetent children with chronic heart diseases (particularly cyanotic congenital heart disease and cardiac failure), chronic lung diseases including asthma, if treated with high-dose oral corticosteroid therapy diabetes mellitus, cerebrospinal fluid leak, or cochlear implant.
• Children with anatomic or functional asplenia (including sickle cell disease)
• Children with immunocompromising conditions, such nephrotic syndrome, aschronic renal failure HIV infection, and , diseases related with treatment with immunosuppressive drugs or radiation therapy, including leukemia, lymphoma,malignant neoplasms, and Hodgkin disease, congenital immunodeficiency,solid-organ transplantation and

Adults at Risk for Pneumococcal Disease

• People aged 65 years and above are high risk for pneumococcal disease
• Aged 19 through 84 years,some adults are high risk for pneumococcal disease, including those . With chronic illnesses (kidney,chronic heart,emphysema, liver, or lung [including chronic obstructive lung disease, and asthma disease)
• With conditions that weaken the immune system {HIV AIDS cancer, or damaged/absent spleen) .
• Who smoke cigarettes

(iii)What does pneumococcal polysaccharide mean?

Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) can prevent pneumococcal disease. Pneumococcal bacteria cause lungs related disease. These bacteria can cause many and many types of illnesses including pneumonia.

(iv)Pneumococcal Vaccine dose, Pneumococcal Vaccine schedule

• 05 PCV13 injection administered IM followed by 05 mL PPSV after 8 weeks • PPSV may be repeated once after 5 years if required

(v)Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine how often

Pneumococcal Polysaccharide vaccine should be monitored at least 8 weeks after the last dose of PCV in children aged 2 years or older with certain underlying medical conditions, such as anatomic or functional asplenia including sickle cell disease), HIV infection.
.An additional dose of Pneumococcal Polysaccharide vaccine should be monitored after 5 years in children with anatomic functional asplenia or those suffering from an immunocompromising condition.

(Vi) Pneumococcal Polysaccharide vaccine price.

The current Pneumococcal Polysaccharide vaccine price is around, being Rs. 3200/dose for the 13-valent vaccine and Rs. 1600/dose for 10-valent vaccine .

(vii) Pneumococcal Vaccine schedule adults.

Adults 65 years or older should receive 1 dose of  pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23).

Pneumococcal Vaccine schedule adults as follows:

  • 1 dose of PCV13 now, at age 42.
  • 1 dose of PPSV23 at least 8 weeks after the dose of PCV13.
  • A second dose of PPSV23 at age 65.