National vaccination program

Immunization division is a part of the RCH program under National Health Mission (NHM) and it comes under the Ministry Of Health and Family Welfare, The important roles of Immunization division include activities related to regular Immunization, popularisation (SIAs) such as Measles, Polio, and Japanese Encephalitis, controlling Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI).
It facilitates the National Technical Advisory Group on Immunization (NTAGI) to review and suggest its views on different technical and programmatic issues associated with immunization such as new vaccine introduction etc.

Vaccination policy in India

What vaccines are given in India?

Vaccines under the Universal Immunization Program

  1. DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Toxoid)
    BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)
  2. Hepatitis B
  3. TT (Tetanus Toxoid)
  4. OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)
  5. Measles
  6. Hib containing Pentavalent vaccine (DPT+HepB+Hib) (In selected States)
  7. JE vaccination (in selected high disease burden districts)

Diseases Protected by Vaccination under UIP (Universal Immunization Program)

  • Tuberculosis
  • Tetanus
  • Polio
    Diphtheria
  • Pertussis.
  • Hepatitis B
  • Measles
  • Japanese Encephalitis ( commonly known as brain fever)
  • Meningitis and Pneumonia caused by Haemophilus Influenzae type b

What are the mandatory vaccines for babies in India? Child vaccination chart government India

VaccineProtectionRouteDosesSchedule
     
BCGTuberculosisIntra- dermal1at birth (upto 1 year if not given earlier)
(Bacillus Calmette Guerin)-    
 Lyophilized vaccine    
     
     
OPVPoliomyelitisOral5Birth dose for institutional deliveries, Primary three doses at 
(Oral Polio Vaccine)- Liquid vaccine   6, 10 & 14 week and one booster dose at 16-24 month of age. 
    Given orally
     
Hepatitis B – Liquid VaccineHepatitis BIntra-muscular Birth dose (within 24 hours) for institutional
    deliveries, Primary three doses at 6, 10 & 14 week.
     
     
DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis andDiphtheria,Intra-muscular5Three doses at 6, 10 & 14 week and two booster 
 Tetanus Toxoid) – Liquid vaccine Pertussis and Tetanus  dose at 16-24 month and 5-6 years of age
     
Measles – Lyophilized vaccineMeaslesSub- cutaneous29-12 months of age and
    2nd dose at 16-24 months.
     
TT (Tetanus Toxoid) – Liquid vaccineTetanusIntra-muscular210 years and 16 years of age
    For pregnant woman, two doses given
    (one dose if previously vaccinated within 3 Year)
     
JE vaccinationJapanese EncephalitisSub- cutaneous29-12 months of age and 2nd dose at 16-24 months.
(in selected high disease burden (Brain fever)   
 districts) Lyophilized vaccine    
     
Hib (given as pentavalent containingHib Pneumonia and Intra-muscular36, 10 & 14 week of age
 Hib+DPT+Hep B) (in selected states) Hib meningitis   
 Liquid vaccine    
     
Source: Govt of India

Frequently asked question about Vaccination policy India

At what age is BCG vaccine given in India?
BCG vaccine given at birth (upto 1 year if not given earlier)

When did vaccinations start in India?

Expanded programme on immunization in India

Start of the Vaccination programme in India:
1978: Expanded Programme of immunization (EPI).
 Mostly urban limited reach –

1985: Universal Immunization Programme (UIP).
Indigenous vaccine production and capacity enhanced
 For the reduction of mortality and morbidity due to 6 VPD’s.
 Establishment of Cold chain
 All districts covered by 1989-90, phased implementation
 Evaluation and Monitoring and system implemented

1986: Technology Mission On Immunization
 Monitoring 20 point programme under PMO’s
 Coverage in infants monitored (0 – 12 months)

1992: Child Survival and Safe Motherhood (CSSM)
 Safe motherhood program included with UIP

1997: Reproductive Child Health (RCH 1)

2005: National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)

2012:Declared “Year of Intensification of Routine Immunization by Government of India

2013:India declared commitment towards measles elimination and rubella/congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) control by 2020, along with other South-East Asia Region.

2014:India had a historic achievement and was certified as “polio-free country” as No Wild Polio virus case was reported from the country for the last three years and along with other South East Asia Region (SEAR) countries of WHO.




New vaccines to be introduced as per the National Technical Advisory Group on Immunization (NTAGI) recommendation

 Injectable Polio Vaccine (IPV): Immunization (NTAGI) recommended Injectable Polio Vaccine (IPV) introduction as an additional dose along with 3rd dose of DPT in the entire country in the first quarter of 2016.

 Rota virus vaccine: NTAGI recommended the introduction of rotavirus vaccine in Universal Immunization Programme in a phased manner.

 Rubella vaccine is to be introduced as MR vaccine replacing the measles containing vaccine first dose (MCV1) at 9 months and second dose (MCV2) at 16-24 months