National vaccination program
Immunization division is a part of the RCH program under National Health Mission (NHM) and it comes under the Ministry Of Health and Family Welfare, The important roles of Immunization division include activities related to regular Immunization, popularisation (SIAs) such as Measles, Polio, and Japanese Encephalitis, controlling Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI).
It facilitates the National Technical Advisory Group on Immunization (NTAGI) to review and suggest its views on different technical and programmatic issues associated with immunization such as new vaccine introduction etc.
Vaccination policy in India
What vaccines are given in India?
Vaccines under the Universal Immunization Program
- DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Toxoid)
BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)
- Hepatitis B
- TT (Tetanus Toxoid)
- OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)
- Hib containing Pentavalent vaccine (DPT+HepB+Hib) (In selected States)
- JE vaccination (in selected high disease burden districts)
Diseases Protected by Vaccination under UIP (Universal Immunization Program)
- Hepatitis B
- Japanese Encephalitis ( commonly known as brain fever)
- Meningitis and Pneumonia caused by Haemophilus Influenzae type b
What are the mandatory vaccines for babies in India? Child vaccination chart government India
|BCG||Tuberculosis||Intra- dermal||1||at birth (upto 1 year if not given earlier)|
|(Bacillus Calmette Guerin)-|
|OPV||Poliomyelitis||Oral||5||Birth dose for institutional deliveries, Primary three doses at|
|(Oral Polio Vaccine)- Liquid vaccine||6, 10 & 14 week and one booster dose at 16-24 month of age.|
|Hepatitis B – Liquid Vaccine||Hepatitis B||Intra-muscular||Birth dose (within 24 hours) for institutional|
|deliveries, Primary three doses at 6, 10 & 14 week.|
|DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis and||Diphtheria,||Intra-muscular||5||Three doses at 6, 10 & 14 week and two booster|
|Tetanus Toxoid) – Liquid vaccine||Pertussis and Tetanus||dose at 16-24 month and 5-6 years of age|
|Measles – Lyophilized vaccine||Measles||Sub- cutaneous||2||9-12 months of age and|
|2nd dose at 16-24 months.|
|TT (Tetanus Toxoid) – Liquid vaccine||Tetanus||Intra-muscular||2||10 years and 16 years of age|
|For pregnant woman, two doses given|
|(one dose if previously vaccinated within 3 Year)|
|JE vaccination||Japanese Encephalitis||Sub- cutaneous||2||9-12 months of age and 2nd dose at 16-24 months.|
|(in selected high disease burden||(Brain fever)|
|districts) Lyophilized vaccine|
|Hib (given as pentavalent containing||Hib Pneumonia and||Intra-muscular||3||6, 10 & 14 week of age|
|Hib+DPT+Hep B) (in selected states)||Hib meningitis|
Frequently asked question about Vaccination policy India
At what age is BCG vaccine given in India?
BCG vaccine given at birth (upto 1 year if not given earlier)
When did vaccinations start in India?
Expanded programme on immunization in India
Start of the Vaccination programme in India:
1978: Expanded Programme of immunization (EPI).
Mostly urban limited reach –
1985: Universal Immunization Programme (UIP).
Indigenous vaccine production and capacity enhanced
For the reduction of mortality and morbidity due to 6 VPD’s.
Establishment of Cold chain
All districts covered by 1989-90, phased implementation
Evaluation and Monitoring and system implemented
1986: Technology Mission On Immunization
Monitoring 20 point programme under PMO’s
Coverage in infants monitored (0 – 12 months)
1992: Child Survival and Safe Motherhood (CSSM)
Safe motherhood program included with UIP
1997: Reproductive Child Health (RCH 1)
2005: National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)
2012:Declared “Year of Intensification of Routine Immunization by Government of India
2013:India declared commitment towards measles elimination and rubella/congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) control by 2020, along with other South-East Asia Region.
2014:India had a historic achievement and was certified as “polio-free country” as No Wild Polio virus case was reported from the country for the last three years and along with other South East Asia Region (SEAR) countries of WHO.
New vaccines to be introduced as per the National Technical Advisory Group on Immunization (NTAGI) recommendation
Injectable Polio Vaccine (IPV): Immunization (NTAGI) recommended Injectable Polio Vaccine (IPV) introduction as an additional dose along with 3rd dose of DPT in the entire country in the first quarter of 2016.
Rota virus vaccine: NTAGI recommended the introduction of rotavirus vaccine in Universal Immunization Programme in a phased manner.
Rubella vaccine is to be introduced as MR vaccine replacing the measles containing vaccine first dose (MCV1) at 9 months and second dose (MCV2) at 16-24 months