Hepatitis A Vaccine
Hepatitis A Vaccine, Hepatitis A Virus
Hepatitis is an infectious liver inflammation caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). Hepatitis A Vaccine provides protection against hepatitis A infection.
(i) How serious is Hepatitis A? Is Hepatitis A is curable?
Hepatitis A will be an exceptionally infectious liver infection brought about by hepatitis A Virus infection. … Low instances of Hepatitis A don’t require treatment. A lot of people who are infected get cured totally with no liver harm.
(ii) How long is a person with Hepatitis A contagious to others?
Hepatitis is a very fast transmission disease as soon after you are infected and before symptoms appear. People who have low immunity are susceptible to 6 months. Other adults who are healthy are no longer contagious 2 weeks after the illness begins.
(iii) Hepatitis A symptoms .
- Hepatitis A symptoms
- Loss of appetite,
- Mild to severe fever
- Abdominal discomfort,
- Urine dark-colored and jaundice (Skins seems yellow and eyeballs yellow)
- All infected will not show the same symptoms
Hepatitis a treatment
No specific treatment exists for hepatitis A. Your body will clear the hepatitis A virus on its own. In most cases of hepatitis A, the liver heals within six months with no lasting damage.
(iv) How do you contract Hepatitis A? Hepatitis a transmission.
Hepatitis A can be transmitted through incoming contact with a person who is already infected can be with sexual contact, oral contact, or caring for someone who is infected, or using drugs with others.
Hepatitis A is very contagious and transmitted very fast even before the person sick themselves.
(v) Hepatitis A Vaccine Schedule.
• The minimum age required to administer Hep A vaccine is 12 months
• Inactivated 2 doses 0, 6-12 months (second dose)
• Live Single dose only
CATCH UP IMMUNIZATION:
• Ether of the two vaccines can be used in catch-up schedule beyond 2 years of age
• For catch-up vaccination, pre-vaccination screening for hepatitis A antibody is recommended in children aged above 10 years as at this age the estimated seropositive rales exceed 50%
(vi) Hepatitis A Vaccine Dose and route
Inactivated Hep A vaccine is administered intramuscularly at a
dose of 0.5 mL
Live Hep B vaccine is administered subcutaneously at a dose of 0.5 mL
(vii) Side effects of Hepatitis A Vaccine
Mid adverse events include soreness at the site, induration at the injection site, injection-see erythema and pain after injection.
• Both live and killed vaccines may be used for post-exposure prophylaxis within 2 weeks of exposure.
(viii) Hepatitis A Vaccine Type.
a) Inactivated Hep A vaccine
b) Live, attenuated H2-strain Hep A
(ix) Availability Diluent
Available as a monovalent vaccine in a pre-filled syringe or with diluent in vial separately.